nantes, france

Of the crêperies, it’s difficult to beat Heb-Ken. Le nouveau visage du centre Atlantis", "Notre-Dame-des-Landes : une idéologie radicale derrière la ZAD", "Plan local d'urbanisme - 2. [237], Local fishing ports such as La Turballe and Le Croisic mainly offer shrimp and sardines, and eels, lampreys, zander and northern pike are caught in the Loire. Pop. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5 km, while 2% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. These quotes come from across the globe, from all four continents affected by the slave trade, and span over five centuries, from the 17th to the 21st. With 620,000 visitors in 2015, the Machines were the most-visited non-free site in Loire-Atlantique. In 1908 it annexed the neighbouring communes of Doulon and Chantenay, gaining almost 30,000 inhabitants. Nantes à l'époque gallo-romaine", "La réunification de la Bretagne: une constante des sondages", "La télévision de Nantes Saint-Nazaire et de Loire-Atlantique", "La ville rivulaire - les composantes physiques identitaires", "Laissez-vous conter Nantes - Architecture XXème siècle", "Le Zénith Nantes Métropole : première salle de spectacles en province", "L'aire urbaine de Nantes pourrait dépasser le million d'habitants d'ici 2030", "Liste des jumelages et partenariats entre collectivités locales françaises et coréennes", "Machines de l'île : une fréquentation en hausse cet été", "Notre-Dame-des-Landes : pourquoi le futur aéroport fait polémique ? [263] The city is also home to Télénantes, a local, private television channel founded in 2004. [44] During the mid-17th century, the siltation of local salterns and a fall in wine exports compelled Nantes to find other activities. The former Lefèvre-Utile factory is known for its Tour Lu, a publicity tower built in 1909. Saint-Nazaire, primarily developed for goods to be transhipped before being sent to Nantes, also built rival shipyards. Harvesting grapes at the muscadet vineyards near Nantes. Fish and seafood, from the sea or from the Loire (pike, perch, and eels) is a local specialty, often swimming in beure blanc, a regional treatment for fish. [207] The Machines of the Isle of Nantes, opened in 2007 in the converted shipyards, has automatons, prototypes inspired by deep-sea creatures and a 12-metre-tall (39 ft), walking elephant. The River Loire courses through the center of the city, and the River Erdre, a tributary to the Loire, also runs through Nantes; it is reputed to be one of the most beautiful rivers in France and is the scene of romantic dinner cruises. Land north of Nantes is dominated by bocage and dedicated to polyculture and animal husbandry, and the south is renowned for its Muscadet vineyards and market gardens. On 18 July 1789, locals seized the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany in an imitation of the storming of the Bastille. Nantes belongs historically and culturally to Brittany, a former duchy and province, and its omission from the modern administrative region of Brittany is controversial. The new region was called Pays de la Loire ("Loire Countries") although it does not include most of the Loire Valley. Visit Any of These 12 Gems on Your Day Trip From Paris, You'll be surprised by the top 10 most visited sites in France, Top 10 Attractions and Must-See Sites in Nantes, Pays de la Loire, Take This Great West France Tour With a Ferry Trip and a One-Way Drive, Visiting the Rugged and Beautiful Brittany in France, Top 20 Most Popular French Cities for International Visitors, Pilgrimage Walking Routes From France to Spain, 7 Châteaux You Can See by Train or Bus From Paris, Surprising Attractions and Things to Do in Orleans in the Loire Valley, Tripsavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. [201], Industrial architecture includes several factories converted into leisure and business space, primarily on the Isle of Nantes. But from 2007, it has been transformed from virtual no-go area into cultural hub – giving the island back to the people and attracting tourists. [157] Although industry is less significant than it was before the 1970s, Nantes is France's second-largest centre for aeronautics.

[114], After World War II, several housing projects were built to accommodate Nantes' growing population. More information. A strike organised by the city's 17,500 metallurgists during the summer of 1955 to protest salary disparities between Paris and the rest of France deeply impacted the French political scene, and their action was echoed in other cities. According to an act passed in 2014, beginning in 2020 the metropolitan council will be elected by the citizens of Nantes Métropole. The origin of the name "Namnetes" is uncertain, but is thought to come from the Gaulish root *nant- (river or stream,[11] from the pre-Celtic root *nanto, valley)[12] or from Amnites, another tribal name possibly meaning "men of the river". Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. [193], Several 15th- and 16th-century half-timbered houses still stand in Le Bouffay, an ancient area corresponding to Nantes' medieval core[194] which is bordered by Nantes Cathedral and the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany. [35][30], Like much of the region, Nantes was part of the Roman Empire during the early Middle Ages. [188] The city has 122 buildings listed as monuments historiques, the 19th-ranked French city. The region's vineyards produce wines such as Muscadet and Gros Plant, both excellent with fish and seafood. [22], Nantes' historical nickname was "Venice of the West" (French: la Venise de l'Ouest), a reference to the many quays and river channels in the old town before they were filled in during the 1920s and 1930s. [41][42] Port traffic, insignificant during the Middle Ages, became the city's main activity. Most were rebuilt in Gothic Revival style, including the city's two basilicas: Saint-Nicolas and Saint-Donatien.

[38] After Charlemagne's death in 814, Breton armies invaded the March and fought the Franks. [246], Nantes' central railway station is connected by TGV trains to Paris, Lille, Lyon, Marseille and Strasbourg. History, Good Eating, Scenic Rivers Define City. Although local restaurants tend to serve simple dishes made with fresh local products, exotic trends have influenced many chefs in recent years. [173] Although its stock exchange was merged with that of Paris in 1990,[174] Nantes is the third-largest financial centre in France after Paris and Lyon. Exterior of the château at Nantes, France. [187], Nantes' cityscape is primarily recent, with more buildings built during the 20th century than in any other era. Students generally come from within the region, and working people are often from Paris. It is primarily a student neighbourhood, with many bars and small shops. The Scopitone festival is dedicated to digital art, and Utopiales is an international science fiction festival. Their primary countries of origin were Algeria (13.9 percent), Morocco (11.4 percent) and Tunisia (5.8 percent). [256] Navibus, the river shuttle, has two lines: one on the Erdre and the other on the Loire. These industries helped maintain port activity and facilitated agriculture, sugar imports, fertilizer production, machinery and metallurgy, which employed 12,000 people in Nantes and its surrounding area in 1914. This architecture has been called "Nantais baroque". [92], The Loire is about 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) long and its estuary, beginning in Nantes, is 60 kilometres (37 miles) in length. The bustling town centre may be only 15 minutes’ walk away, but this laid-back bohemian quartier is perfect for sunset aperitifs on the Pépé Guinguette, a houseboat moored on the quay, or waterside bars such as Le Bateau-lavoir and Café de l’Ile. [243] The Erdre has a marina and a centre for rowing, sailing and canoeing, and the city has six swimming pools. Ratiatum, founded under Augustus, developed more quickly than Nantes and was a major port in the region. The magnificent Renaissance tomb of Francis II, duke of Brittany (ruled 1458–88), was luckily unharmed. It is the administrative seat of the Loire-Atlantique department and the Pays de la Loire région, one of 18 regions of France. Cottage pour 6 personnes (3 chambres) à Nantes, L'Erdre - Grand T3 avec jardin et stationnement. The Fine Art Museum is the city's largest. Nantes is home to France Bleu Loire-Océan, the local station of the Radio France public network, and several private local stations: Alternantes, dedicated to cultural diversity and tolerance; Euradionantes, a local- and European-news station; Fidélité, a Christian station; Hit West and SUN Radio, two music stations; Prun, dedicated to students, and Radio Atlantis (focused on the local economy). The first council was elected in 1565 with Nantes' first mayor, Geoffroy Drouet.

About Nantes Reborn as one of France’s most dynamic and culturally progressive cities, Nantes is a city that wears its innovation on its sleeve. Audencia, a private management school, is ranked as one of the world's best by the Financial Times and The Economist. The first local martyrs (Donatian and Rogatian) were executed in 288–290,[34] and a cathedral was built during the fourth century. [91][107], Nantes' layout is typical of French towns and cities. Nominoe (a Breton) became the first duke of Brittany, seizing Nantes in 850. It is served by many train lines, including the high-speed TGV line from Paris Montparnasse train station; this trip takes about two hours. [238] The university had about 30,000 students during the 2013–2014 academic year, and the metropolitan area had a total student population of 53,000. It was created in the 19th century with fill from construction of the Nantes-Brest canal. After a long struggle in the Middle Ages between the counts of Nantes and Rennes for the sovereignty of Brittany, in 1560, Francis II, king of France (1559–60), granted Nantes a communal constitution. And now there is a genuine retro cocktail bar, the 19:33 Cocktail Experience (8 rue Voltaire), pretty much the first in Nantes, which serves exquisitely made tipples made by mixologist Martin Gouget, including some highly rated non-alcholic ones in a setting that resembles a carriage of the Orient Express. The Man who Proved the Earth Rotates", "Le gouvernement repousse l'évacuation de la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes", "Résultats d'activité des aéroports français 2014", "Schéma directeur de l'urbanisme commercial de Nantes Métropole", "Sur les traces de Mr. Turner, amoureux de la Loire", "Transport fluvial : le Navibus a 10 ans ! Greatly modified by an urban renewal plan that was adopted in 1920, Nantes was further altered and extended after having been partly destroyed in World War II. In the 1960s Nantes was designated as one of the eight provincial counterweights to reduce the dominance of Paris on French national life. They're all worth a look at. European. [76] Nantes saw other large strikes and demonstrations during the May 1968 events, when marches drew about 20,000 people into the streets. Places publiques is dedicated to urbanism in Nantes and Saint-Nazaire; Brief focuses on public communication; Le Journal des Entreprises targets managers; Nouvel Ouest is for decision-makers in western France, and Idîle provides information on the local creative industry.

[219], Estuaire contemporary-art exhibitions were held along the Loire estuary in 2007, 2009 and 2012. [30], Because tradesmen favoured inland roads rather than Atlantic routes,[31] Nantes never became a large city under Roman occupation. Embankments were overcrowded with railways, roads and tramways. Winters are cool and rainy, with an average temperature of 6 °C (43 °F); snow is rare.

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