, After World War II, several housing projects were built to accommodate Nantes' growing population. More information. A strike organised by the city's 17,500 metallurgists during the summer of 1955 to protest salary disparities between Paris and the rest of France deeply impacted the French political scene, and their action was echoed in other cities. According to an act passed in 2014, beginning in 2020 the metropolitan council will be elected by the citizens of Nantes Métropole. The origin of the name "Namnetes" is uncertain, but is thought to come from the Gaulish root *nant- (river or stream, from the pre-Celtic root *nanto, valley) or from Amnites, another tribal name possibly meaning "men of the river". Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. , Several 15th- and 16th-century half-timbered houses still stand in Le Bouffay, an ancient area corresponding to Nantes' medieval core which is bordered by Nantes Cathedral and the Castle of the Dukes of Brittany. , Like much of the region, Nantes was part of the Roman Empire during the early Middle Ages.  The city has 122 buildings listed as monuments historiques, the 19th-ranked French city. The region's vineyards produce wines such as Muscadet and Gros Plant, both excellent with fish and seafood. , Nantes' historical nickname was "Venice of the West" (French: la Venise de l'Ouest), a reference to the many quays and river channels in the old town before they were filled in during the 1920s and 1930s.  Port traffic, insignificant during the Middle Ages, became the city's main activity. Most were rebuilt in Gothic Revival style, including the city's two basilicas: Saint-Nicolas and Saint-Donatien.
 After Charlemagne's death in 814, Breton armies invaded the March and fought the Franks. , Nantes' central railway station is connected by TGV trains to Paris, Lille, Lyon, Marseille and Strasbourg. History, Good Eating, Scenic Rivers Define City. Although local restaurants tend to serve simple dishes made with fresh local products, exotic trends have influenced many chefs in recent years.  Although its stock exchange was merged with that of Paris in 1990, Nantes is the third-largest financial centre in France after Paris and Lyon. Exterior of the château at Nantes, France. , Nantes' cityscape is primarily recent, with more buildings built during the 20th century than in any other era. Students generally come from within the region, and working people are often from Paris. It is primarily a student neighbourhood, with many bars and small shops. The Scopitone festival is dedicated to digital art, and Utopiales is an international science fiction festival. Their primary countries of origin were Algeria (13.9 percent), Morocco (11.4 percent) and Tunisia (5.8 percent).  Navibus, the river shuttle, has two lines: one on the Erdre and the other on the Loire. These industries helped maintain port activity and facilitated agriculture, sugar imports, fertilizer production, machinery and metallurgy, which employed 12,000 people in Nantes and its surrounding area in 1914. This architecture has been called "Nantais baroque". , The Loire is about 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) long and its estuary, beginning in Nantes, is 60 kilometres (37 miles) in length. The bustling town centre may be only 15 minutes’ walk away, but this laid-back bohemian quartier is perfect for sunset aperitifs on the Pépé Guinguette, a houseboat moored on the quay, or waterside bars such as Le Bateau-lavoir and Café de l’Ile.  The Erdre has a marina and a centre for rowing, sailing and canoeing, and the city has six swimming pools. Ratiatum, founded under Augustus, developed more quickly than Nantes and was a major port in the region. The magnificent Renaissance tomb of Francis II, duke of Brittany (ruled 1458–88), was luckily unharmed. It is the administrative seat of the Loire-Atlantique department and the Pays de la Loire région, one of 18 regions of France. Cottage pour 6 personnes (3 chambres) à Nantes, L'Erdre - Grand T3 avec jardin et stationnement. The Fine Art Museum is the city's largest. Nantes is home to France Bleu Loire-Océan, the local station of the Radio France public network, and several private local stations: Alternantes, dedicated to cultural diversity and tolerance; Euradionantes, a local- and European-news station; Fidélité, a Christian station; Hit West and SUN Radio, two music stations; Prun, dedicated to students, and Radio Atlantis (focused on the local economy). The first council was elected in 1565 with Nantes' first mayor, Geoffroy Drouet.
About Nantes Reborn as one of France’s most dynamic and culturally progressive cities, Nantes is a city that wears its innovation on its sleeve. Audencia, a private management school, is ranked as one of the world's best by the Financial Times and The Economist. The first local martyrs (Donatian and Rogatian) were executed in 288–290, and a cathedral was built during the fourth century. , Nantes' layout is typical of French towns and cities. Nominoe (a Breton) became the first duke of Brittany, seizing Nantes in 850. It is served by many train lines, including the high-speed TGV line from Paris Montparnasse train station; this trip takes about two hours.  The university had about 30,000 students during the 2013–2014 academic year, and the metropolitan area had a total student population of 53,000. It was created in the 19th century with fill from construction of the Nantes-Brest canal. After a long struggle in the Middle Ages between the counts of Nantes and Rennes for the sovereignty of Brittany, in 1560, Francis II, king of France (1559–60), granted Nantes a communal constitution. And now there is a genuine retro cocktail bar, the 19:33 Cocktail Experience (8 rue Voltaire), pretty much the first in Nantes, which serves exquisitely made tipples made by mixologist Martin Gouget, including some highly rated non-alcholic ones in a setting that resembles a carriage of the Orient Express. The Man who Proved the Earth Rotates", "Le gouvernement repousse l'évacuation de la ZAD de Notre-Dame-des-Landes", "Résultats d'activité des aéroports français 2014", "Schéma directeur de l'urbanisme commercial de Nantes Métropole", "Sur les traces de Mr. Turner, amoureux de la Loire", "Transport fluvial : le Navibus a 10 ans ! Greatly modified by an urban renewal plan that was adopted in 1920, Nantes was further altered and extended after having been partly destroyed in World War II. In the 1960s Nantes was designated as one of the eight provincial counterweights to reduce the dominance of Paris on French national life. They're all worth a look at. European.  Nantes saw other large strikes and demonstrations during the May 1968 events, when marches drew about 20,000 people into the streets. Places publiques is dedicated to urbanism in Nantes and Saint-Nazaire; Brief focuses on public communication; Le Journal des Entreprises targets managers; Nouvel Ouest is for decision-makers in western France, and Idîle provides information on the local creative industry.
, Estuaire contemporary-art exhibitions were held along the Loire estuary in 2007, 2009 and 2012. , Because tradesmen favoured inland roads rather than Atlantic routes, Nantes never became a large city under Roman occupation. Embankments were overcrowded with railways, roads and tramways. Winters are cool and rainy, with an average temperature of 6 °C (43 °F); snow is rare.
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