newsreel music


Universal at its peak was distributed to 3300 theaters, but had declined to 1600 theaters. 1937/06 - Castle News Parade was the only independent newsreel to survive in the 1930s. Latest news in... News.

1931 - Joseph Kennedy merged Pathe and RKO in 1931 and ended Aug. 1947 when Pathe left RKO to be distributed by Warner Bros. Harry Von Zell was the regular voice of Pathe starting 1935. The film version was released only once per month, was 20-30 minutes in length, with only five stories per issue, and cost $50,000 per issue, much higher than the average $10,000 cost of a newsreel.

Anti-New Dealers came to hiss. 399 showed surrender of Germany, ruined cities. (Fielding p. 201) The Trans-Lux opened March 1931, managed by Courtland Smith and Jack Connolly, both from Fox. The world's defining voice in music and pop culture since 1952. Hearst over Hollywood: Power, Passion, and Propaganda in the Movies. 1929 - Paramount had exclusive rights to Admiral Richard E. Byrd expedition to South Pole in 1929, and later released the feature "With Byrd at the South Pole" and cameramen Wollard van der Meer and Joe Rucker won Academy Award. 1929 - Newsreels took their style and structure from the American newspaper, not like the dramatic and cinematic March of Time or Nazi newsreels of the 1930s. The cylinders were sometimes combined with stereopticons of Frederick Opper cartoons.

The alliance with Selig ended Dec. 1915, and Hearst joined with Vitagraph to produce the Hearst-Vitagraph Weekly News that lasted only a few months. By mid-1920s, "It was estimated that between 85 and 90 per cent of the eighteen thousand theaters in the United States exhibited one of the six newsreels then available to a weekly audience numbering in excess of forty million people." The footage was rushed by destroyer to Manila, then by Clipper to West Coast, then by chartered airplane to NYC, then to lab in armored car, all at a cost of $25,000. and Stephan Dolezel, eds. MGM Hearst News of the Day provided film for Edward R. Murrow's See It Now TV program. Controversy developed over the favoritism by CPI to Hearst and Pathe. 1937 - Universal was low budget, lacked sound equipment, did most sound work in the studio. Eugene Castle began the newsreel in June 1937 for the amateur home movie market in 16mm and 8mm. 357 "The Nazi Counter Offensive" used stock footage from captured German film in September. The disks were first played the next day after Morrison flew back to WLS studio in Chicago. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

 , 1941 - Citizen Kane feature film released May 8 included a sequence called "News on the March" that was based on the March of Time newsreels. In 1916 and 1917 Hearst released his own newsreel, The International Weekly. Hearst film was used to make America's Answer in 1918. Hearst joined with Pathe to distribute his Perils of Pauline serials, and promoted Pathe films in his newspapers. In contrast, Paramount was the least controversial and the most fair, balanced and most respected. In late 1913, Hatrick and William Selig of the Chicago Tribune founded the Hearst-Selig News Pictorial. Woodrow Wilson wrote letter praising the newsreel, made public Oct. 4, 1919. 393 showed opening of San Francisco conference and film of concentration camp liberation. The brutal bombing of Shanghai civilians was photographed by several American cameramen, including Harrison Forman of the March of Time, Hearst's Wong Hai-Sheng ("Newsreel" Wong), and T. Taguchi, and Universal's George Krainukov. The vigorous years of the New Deal under FDR and the rise of Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin, and Chiang Kai-shek aroused great interest in newsreels." 1914/02/17 - Hearst directed Edgar Harrick to create a moving picture news organization. 1948 - Newsreels were antilabor in 1948, no coverage of the coal miners' side of the story, signs in butcher shops of high cost of meat due to packinghouse workers strike.  , 1942 - The OWI with the big 5 newsreel companies created the United Newsreel for the troops; it ended Dec. 15, 1945. No film was available of the Battle of the Bulge that began Dec. 16, 1944.

Pathe had the rights to the Dionne quintuplets starting May 1934 and got rights to many prize fights after Sims Act repealed in 1940.

"American Newsreels and the Collapse of Nazi Germany," in K.R.M. (Fielding p. 207)

Movietone filmed the takeoff of Charles Lindbergh May 20, 1927, shown at the Sam Harris Theater May 25, 1927. Albert E. Smith filmed the war for Vitagraph, and won a contract with Koster and Bial's Music Hall. 1953 - Coronation of Elizabeth II in 1953 gave the newsreels "one last moment of glory" (Fielding p. 304) As a consequence of its release the Japanese government was reported to have placed a price of 50,000 dollars on Wong's head." Paramount's "Eyes and Ears of the World" ceased Feb. 15, 1957, and its film library sold to Wolper in 1963. Robert Paul made the first news film in England on June 3, 1896, of the Derby horse race at Epsom Downs, which led him to sign a 4-year deal with the Alhambra theater for "a regular 15-minute program of news films and comedies." Graham McNamee was the narrator. Fielding, Raymond. 1937/08/14 - "The Chinese-Japanese War provided some of the grimmest but most spectacular footage of the 1930s. 1910 - The "Fight of the Century" July 4 between Jack Johnson and James Jeffries was one of the most popular news films of the year. Lyrics. In 1935, Universal won the case against Mrs. Doris Preisler who sought $4,150,000 damages for mental shock that caused the loss of a child due to viewing newsreels of the corpse of Baby Face Nelson. Metrotone and News of the Day were released by MGM.

1937/09 - Newsreel Wong filmed the Japanese bombing of South Station in Canton in Sept. 1937, including the scenes of a crying baby in the rubble (alleged but never proved to have been staged). The Hearst-Vitagraph News Reel became the News Pictorial, and released exclusive films of the sinking of the British battleship Audacious in late 1914 and of the German warship Blucher in early 1915. Universal vol 18, no. As in the earlier radio version, narrators such as Harry von Zell and Westbrook Van Voorhis provided an irreverent provocative commentary in the style of Time magazine. They sent Francis Doublier to film a bullfight in Madrid, and then to film the coronation of Czar Nicholas II in Moscow in May 1896. However, boxing films were controversial. The American Newsreel, 1911-1967. View All Videos. 1914 - Hearst joined with Vitagraph in 1914 to sponsor an annual Christmas tree celebration (19 years before Rockefeller Center's tree-lighting ceremony) and benefit performances were staged at the Vitagraph Theater at Broadway and 44th St. On Oct. 29, 1915, Hearst and Vitagraph signed a deal to release newsreels beginning in 1916. The Mutual Weekly began 1912. He sailed for Africa Oct. 14, 1899. The first biweekly Movietone newsreel premiered Oct. 28, 1927, at the Roxy Theater in NYC, and to the rest of the country Dec. 3. Universal vol 18, no. Pathe Freres, under the symbol was the golden rooster, became one of the largest film companies in the world by 1908, selling in the U.S. twice the number of films made by American producers. 1928 - Hearst sponsored the South Pole exploring expeditions Hubert Wilkins in 1928-29. In 1918, Hearst began The International Newsreel (the first time the term "newsreel" was used in a name) and released it through Universal, then through MGM after 1929. The company was based in New Jersey, with a deadline of 9pm every Thursday evening for the one weekly issue. Only one car was left on the bridge, with a pet dog, Prof Farquharson tried to resuce the dog by walking the centerline, but was unsuccessful and the dog was the only casualty of the tragedy. "Their theaters were installed in ordinary rented store space, each containing about 160 seats.

The Johnson-Jeffries film led to the passage of the Sims Act July 31, 1912, making interstate traffic in fight films illegal. Forman, Wong, and Krainukov were on hand to photograph the Japanese bombing of the Cathay and Palace hotels on August 14, 1937, in which 220 people were killed." Hearst press had published dramatic photos of the SS Audacious in 1914, forcing the British government to finally admit the disaster. The Number One music magazine feat. 525 p.
The news film began in 1895 to give audiences in the first theaters a moving picture version of news-worthy events that included sports and politics. 1894 - Edison made an early film in the U.S. of a prize fight between Michael Leonard and Jack Cushing in July 1894, but it was staged for the camera at the Black Maria studio, and shown in Kinetoscope peep show machines. Prices were kept low (about 25 cents), each complete show ran about 45 minutes, and performances were continuous, thus serving both the inveterate newsreel enthusiast and the occasional downtown shopper." (Fielding p. 202) The Trans-Lux and the Embassy companies had a small chain of newsreel theaters. New York: Croom Helm, 1988, pp.

Hitler's Fall: the Newsreel Witness. Warner Pathe ceased on Aug. 23, 1956, and at that time less than half of the nation's 19,200 theaters booked newsreels. 1935 "During the execution of Cuban rebels in 1935, Universal cameraman Abelardo Domingo walked into a prison courtyard one morning, set up his camera, and photographed some exceptionally grisly scenes of a firing squad in action." March of Time ceased in 1951 and sold its film library to NBC. Hearst bought an interest in the Fox Movietone Corp. and formed the Fox-Hearst Corp., obtained the right to use the Case-Sponable sound system. The silent newsreel began with Pathe's weekly releases in 1911. The Fox Movietone Corp. was established 1926 and the first Movietone newsreels were exhibited Jan. 21, 1927, at the Sam Harris Theater in NYC. But in Europe, using small Lumiere cameras, news films continued in popularity. Pathe's first American-produced newsreel, Pathe's Weekly, appeared August 8, 1911, released through the Keith-Albee and Orpheum circuits. 1929/07/31 - Hearst signed deal with MGM in 1929 to produce a silent newsreel, The MGM International Newsreel that began July 31, 1929, and a sound newsreel, Hearst Metrotone News that began Sept. 28, 1929.

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